Explain how a question represents key ideas in the field.
Explain points of agreement experts have about interpretations and applications of disciplinary concepts and ideas associated with a compelling question.
Explain points of agreement experts have about interpretations and applications of disciplinary concepts and ideas associated with a supporting question.
Explain how the relationship between supporting questions and compelling questions is mutually reinforcing.
Determine the kinds of sources that will be helpful in answering compelling and supporting questions, taking into consideration multiple points of views represented in the sources.
Distinguish the powers and responsibilities of citizens, political parties, interest groups, and the media in a variety of governmental and nongovernmental contexts.
Explain the relevance of personal interests and perspectives, civic virtues, and democratic principles when people address issues and problems in government and civil society.
Assess specific rules and laws (both actual and proposed) as means of addressing public problems.
Examine the origins, purposes, and impact of constitutions, laws, treaties, and international agreements.
Explain the powers and limits of the three branches of government, public officials, and bureaucracies at different levels in the United States and in other countries.
Apply civic virtues and democratic principles in school and community settings.
Explain how economic decisions affect the well-being of individuals, businesses, and society.
Explain barriers to trade and how those barriers influence trade among nations.
Analyze the role of innovation and entrepreneurship in a market economy.
Construct maps to represent and explain the spatial patterns of cultural and environmental characteristics.
Analyze the ways in which cultural and environmental characteristics vary among various regions of the world.
Use maps, satellite images, photographs, and other representations to explain relationships between the locations of places and regions, and changes in their environmental characteristics.
Analyze the combinations of cultural and environmental characteristics that make places both similar to and different from other places.
Explain how the physical and human characteristics of places and regions are connected to human identities and cultures.
Present adaptations of arguments and explanations on topics of interest to others to reach audiences and venues outside the classroom using print and oral technologies (e.g., posters, essays, letters, debates, speeches, reports, and maps) and digital technologies (e.g., Internet, social media, and digital documentary).