Explain how a question represents key ideas in the field.
Explain points of agreement experts have about interpretations and applications of disciplinary concepts and ideas associated with a compelling question.
Explain points of agreement experts have about interpretations and applications of disciplinary concepts and ideas associated with a supporting question.
Explain how the relationship between supporting questions and compelling questions is mutually reinforcing.
Determine the kinds of sources that will be helpful in answering compelling and supporting questions, taking into consideration multiple points of views represented in the sources.
Compare historical and contemporary means of changing societies, and promoting the common good.
Explain the powers and limits of the three branches of government, public officials, and bureaucracies at different levels in the United States and in other countries.
Describe the roles of political, civil, and economic organizations in shaping people's lives.
Analyze the ways in which cultural and environmental characteristics vary among various regions of the world.
Analyze connections among events and developments in broader historical contexts.
Use questions generated about individuals and groups to analyze why they, and the developments they shaped, are seen as historically significant.
Develop claims and counterclaims while pointing out the strengths and limitations of both.
Construct arguments using claims and evidence from multiple sources, while acknowledging the strengths and limitations of the arguments.
Present adaptations of arguments and explanations on topics of interest to others to reach audiences and venues outside the classroom using print and oral technologies (e.g., posters, essays, letters, debates, speeches, reports, and maps) and digital technologies (e.g., Internet, social media, and digital documentary).