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Unit Details

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Instructions: Rockwood unit details share the timeline, the enduring understanding and the essential questions for each unit.  Click on the standard title to be directed to the information on related standards for the unit.​

 Unit Details

Unit Title
Civil War and Reconstruction
Unit Number
Eighth Grade United States History
Content Area
Social Studies
This unit focuses on the years preceding the Civil War, including the causes of the war. Students will examine the course of the war and analyze the short-term and long-term effects of the war. Students will analyze the social, political and economic impact of the war as they examine the period of Reconstruction after the war.
5 Week(s)
Enduring Understandings
Understand that historical knowledge of significant groups, individuals, documents, ideas, events and developments shaped the United States.
Understand that accessing and evaluating a wide range of primary and secondary sources leads to a better understanding of history.
Understand that the use of evidence from the disciplinary lens of a historian, economist and citizen helps develop varied perspectives.

Essential Questions
How did events of the mid-1800’s contribute to divisions in our nation?
Were the southern states justified in seceding from the Union?
What factors and events led to the outcome of the Civil War?
In what ways did the Civil War and Reconstruction reshape America?

Additional Unit Resources

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Standard Component
Explain how the relationship between supporting questions and compelling questions is mutually reinforcing.
Explain how economic decisions affect the well-being of individuals, businesses, and society.
Explain the benefits and the costs of trade policies to individuals, businesses, and society.
 Explain how changes in supply and demand cause changes in prices and quantities of goods and services, labor, credit, and foreign currencies.
 Explain how the relationship between the environmental characteristics of places and production of goods influences the spatial patterns of world trade.
Analyze the combinations of cultural and environmental characteristics that make places both similar to and different from other places.
Analyze multiple factors that influenced the perspectives of people during different historical eras.
Explain how and why perspectives of people have changed over time.
Evaluate the credibility of a source by determining its relevance and intended use.
Present adaptations of arguments and explanations on topics of interest to others to reach audiences and venues outside the classroom using print and oral technologies (e.g., posters, essays, letters, debates, speeches, reports, and maps) and digital technologies (e.g., Internet, social media, and digital documentary).
Standard Component
Determine the kinds of sources that will be helpful in answering compelling and supporting questions, taking into consideration multiple points of views represented in the sources.
Assess specific rules and laws (both actual and proposed) as means of addressing public problems.
Analyze ideas and principles contained in the founding documents of the United States, and explain how they influence the social and political system.
Use maps, satellite images, photographs, and other representations to explain relationships between the locations of places and regions, and changes in their environmental characteristics.
Explain how the physical and human characteristics of places and regions are connected to human identities and cultures.
Explain how changes in transportation and communication technology influence the spatial connections among human settlements and affect the diffusion of ideas and cultural practices.
Analyze connections among events and developments in broader historical contexts
Explain multiple causes and effects of events and developments in the past.
Classify series of historical events and developments as examples of change and/or continuity.
Use questions generated about individuals and groups to analyze why they, and the developments they shaped, are seen as historically significant.
Identify evidence that draws information from multiple sources to support claims, noting evidentiary limitations.
Develop claims and counterclaims while pointing out the strengths and limitations of both.
Construct arguments using claims and evidence from multiple sources, while acknowledging the strengths and limitations of the arguments.
Construct explanations using reasoning, correct sequence, examples, and details with relevant information and data, while acknowledging the strengths and weaknesses of the explanations.