Course/Grade Levels Units

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Instructions: Rockwood units include full course details with information for resources and assessments.  Click on course title to find related information: course codes, prerequisites and textbook/resources information. Click on View Full Course Details for specific information.

  • Course Code
    Content Area
    Human Anatomy and Physiology is the study of the physical and chemical processes of the human body. Students study how the structures of the human body relate to the functions of interacting body systems. Students examine the human body as a living, functioning, homeostatic organism but they also explore cause and effect relationships to problem solve why a bodily process might not be functioning as it should.
    • Develop and use models to generate data to support explanations, analyze systems, and/or solve problems
    • Construct and revise explanations based on valid and reliable evidence obtained from a variety of sources
    • Infer the functions and properties of systems from their overall structure and the way their components are shaped and used

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Unit Description
HAP01Introduction to Anatomy & Physiology (Language of Anatomy and Feedback Mechanisms)
Students will apply the use of anatomical vocabulary in order to  demonstrate their understanding of the human body in terms of position, direction, regions, cavities and planes.  Students will understand how feedback mechanisms help maintain homeostasis.  Students will build a foundation to be able to utilize these understandings when examining real-life cases about the human body throughout the course.
Students will analyze four different tissue types and will determine how the structure of these various tissue types relates to their function, their location, and how they contribute to a larger component of the human body.  This knowledge will be applied throughout the course as various body systems and their functions are studied.
HAP03Integumentary System
Students will understand how the structures of the integumentary system determine the functions of the overall system.  Students will examine the cellular, tissue, and accessory structure subsystems to better understand the integument.  They will provide evidence for how the skin helps to maintain homeostasis by modeling feedback mechanisms.  Finally, they will explore homeostatic imbalances of the integument.
HAP04Biochemistry of Digestion
Students will review and apply their prior knowledge of biochemistry to better understand the functioning of the digestive system.  Students will explain how the structures of the digestive system utilize macromolecules (proteins, carbohydrates, lipids) to help maintain body homeostasis by harnessing energy from those molecules.  Students will explain the relationship between the digestive system and other body systems.
HAP05Macroscopic and Microscopic Bone Anatomy
Students will understand the macroscopic and microscopic structure of bone anatomy.  They will learn that bone consists of living osseous tissue as well as a network of other component parts that provide nutrients and allow for the function of the overall subsystem of bone.  Students will gain a macroscopic view of the types of skeletons, bone types, and long bone anatomy.  They will then explore the microscopic structure of bone to learn how intricate bones are as well as the many functions they have for the skeletal system and the human body overall.
Students will understand the relationship between bone structure, muscle structure, and joint structure that allows for particular angular movements at a joint.  Students will explore the major joints of the body to learn the bones, muscle groups, and movements associated with each.  Connections will be made between these interacting systems to better understand the overall functioning of each joint (knee, elbow, shoulder, and hip).
HAP07Neurotransmission & Muscle Physiology
Students will relate the structure of a neuron to how it functions to transmit a nerve impulse.  They will also apply prior knowledge of biochemistry to understand how both the electrical and chemical messages travel.  Students will explore the cause and effect mechanisms to sequence the process of neurotransmission and then transfer that understanding to the functioning of the neuromuscular junction, which regulates muscle contraction.
HAP08 Central Nervous System
Students will understand how the major structures of the central nervous system determine the regulatory functions of the human body.  Students will understand the intricate functioning of the brain and roles specific structures are believed to play.  They will explore various imbalances, injuries, and genetic factors that may contribute to the central nervous system not functioning as it should and thus the effect those causes can have on bodily processes and responses.
HAP09 Fluids of Transport--Blood and Lymph
Students will gain a better understanding of two bodily fluids responsible for transport as well as associated structures that are subcomponents of systems to which the fluids contribute.  Students will focus on the four major structural components of blood and relate the function of each to the overall roles for blood in the human body.  Students will consider the proportion and quantity of certain components of blood to diagnose various imbalances such as anemia, polycythemia, and infection.  Students will discover the components that make up lymph and the tissues which filter lymph.  Students will consider the biochemistry of blood and lymph in terms of maintaining stability in the human body.
HAP10Cardiovascular System
Students will explore how the structures of the circulatory system work to efficiently and effectively deliver oxygen, nutrients, and other materials to the body.  They will explore the path of blood as a system and the electrical conduction system of the heart.  They will explore cause and effect mechanisms for homeostatic imbalances of the circulatory system as well as technologies designed to help return functioning to the system after an imbalance is detected or occurs.
HAP11 Respiratory System
Students will learn how the structures of the respiratory system contribute to the overall functioning of the body system, and how they help to deliver materials to other body systems.  Students will determine how this system interacts with multiple other systems.  They will explore cause and effect mechanisms that impact the efficiency of respiratory function as well as other factors that can contribute to instability or stability in the system.
HAP12Urinary System
Students will relate biochemistry and anatomical structures to understand the functions of the urinary system.  Students will model the filtering of waste products out of the blood to understand urine production as well as factors affecting water balance and regulation in the body.
HAP13 Reproductive System
Students will explore the various anatomical structures of the male and female reproductive systems to better understand the functioning of each system in development and reproduction.  They will explore hormonal regulation of these systems as well as other factors that might contribute to the stability or instability of these body systems.